Breed standards

Cesky Terrier

Breed standards are the official guidelines that describe the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.

Last Updated: 08 Mar 2018

FCI Standard No 246 dated 20 January 1998

Adopted in Australia 1 January 1997

TRANSLATION : Mrs Dipl. Ing. K. Bechov and Mrs R. Binder- Gresly


UTILIZATION : Formerly a Terrier breed for hunting foxes and badgers, today more a house-and companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group     3   Terriers.

Section   2   Small sized Terriers. Without working trial.

Group 2 (Terriers)

The Czech Terrier is the result of an appropriate crossbreeding between a Sealyham Terrier dog and a Scotch Terrier bitch, with the aim to develop a light, short legged, well pigmented hunting Terrier, with practical drop ears, easy to groom and easy to train. In 1949 Mr. Frantisek Hor k from Kl novice near Prague started to improve the breed by fixing their characteristics. In 1959 these dogs were shown for the first time,  and the breed was finally recognized by the FCI in 1963.


Short legged, long haired, well made  and    well  muscled  Terrier  with  smallish  drop  ears,  of  a rectangular format.

Height at withers 29cm 27cm
Length of skull 21cm 20cm
Width of skull 10cm 9cm
Girth of thorax (behind elbows) 45cm 44cm
Length of body 43cm 40cm



Balanced, non-aggressive, pleasant and cheerful companion,  easy  to  train;  somewhat reserved   towards strangers; of calm and kind disposition.

Head And Skull:

Shaped like  a long,  blunt, not too broad wedge, the plane of the forehead forming a distinctive breaking with the bridge of the nose.

Skull : Not too broad between the ears and tapering moderately towards the supraorbital ridges. Occipital protuberance easy to palpate; cheek bones moderately prominent. Frontal furrow only slightly marked.
Stop : Not accentuated but apparent.

Nose : Dark and well developed.  It should be black on Terriers with a grey-blue coat and liver-coloured on light-coffee brown Terriers.
Nasal bridge : Straight.
Lips : Relatively thick, fitting neatly.
Cheeks : Cheek bones not too prominent.


Of medium size, slightly deep set, with a friendly expression; well covered  by the  overhanging eyebrows.  Brown or dark brown in grey-blue coated dogs, light brown in light-coffee-brown dogs.  Eyelids black in grey-blue dogs, liver-colour in light-coffee-brown dogs.


Of medium size, dropping in such a way as to well cover  the orifice.   Set  on rather high and falling flat  along the cheeks.  Shaped like a triangle,  with the shorter side  of the triangle at the fold of the ear.


Strong jaws.  Scissors or level bite; complete dentition (the absence of the 2 M3 in the lower jaw not being penalized).
Teeth strong, regularly aligned and set square to the jaw.


Medium long, quite strong, carried on a slant.  The skin at the throat is somewhat loose but without forming a dewlap.


The  forelegs  should  be straight,  well  boned and parallel.
Shoulders : Muscular.
Elbows : Somewhat loose, yet neither turned in nor out.


Upper line:  Not  straight  because  loins  and  rump  are  always moderately arched.
Withers: Not very pronounced; neck set on rather high. Back : Strong, of medium length.
Loins: Relatively long, muscular, broad and slightly rounded.
Croup: Strongly developed,  muscular; pelvis moderately slanting. Hip bones often slightly higher than the withers.
Chest: More cylindrical than deep; ribs well sprung.
Belly: Ample and slightly tucked up. Flanks well filled.


Hindlegs strong, parallel, well angulated and muscular.
Lower thigh : Short.
Hock joint : Set relatively high, strongly developed.


Forefeet: Large; well arched toes and strong nails.  Pads well developed and thick.
Hindfeet: Smaller than the forefeet.


The ideal length is 18-20 cm; relatively strong and low set. At rest hanging downward or with a slight bend at the tip; when alert the tail is carried sabre shape horizontally or higher.


Free, enduring, vigorous, with  drive. Gallop rather slow but lasting. The forelegs extend in a straight forward line.


Skin: Firm, thick, without wrinkles or dewlap, pigmented.
Texture: Hair long, fine but firm, slightly wavy with a silky gloss; not too much overdone.

The Czech Terrier is groomed by scissors (clipping). At the forepart of the head the hair is not to be clipped thus forming brows and beard. On the lower parts of the legs, under the chest and belly the hair should not  be clipped either.

In show condition the hair at the upper side of the neck, on the shoulders and on the back should not be longer than 1 - 1,5 cm; it should be shorter on the sides of the body and on the tail and quite short on the ears, cheeks, at the lower side of the neck, on elbows, thighs and round the vent.

The transition between clipped and unclipped areas should  be pleasing for the eye and never abrupt.


The Czech Terrier has 2 varieties of coat colour:

-    grey-blue (puppies are born black)
-    light-coffee-brown (puppies born chocolate brown)

In both colour varieties yellow, grey or white markings are permitted on the head (beard, cheeks), neck, chest, belly, the limbs and round the vent. Sometimes there is also a white collar or a white tip of the tail. The basic colour, however, must always be predominant.


Height at withers between 25 - 32 cm.
Ideal size for a dog = 29 cm, for a bitch = 27 cm.
The weight must not be less than 6 kg and more than 10 kg.


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

•    Weak construction.
•    Temporary loss of nasal pigmentation (snow nose).
•    Weak, short or snipey foreface, with weakly developed teeth.
•    Absence of one (1) incisor.
•    Eyes too big or protruding.
•    Ears too  big or  too small,  or different  in shape or carriage  as described in the standard.
•    Back too long or too short.
•    Crooked forelegs, incorrect front.
•    Coat too fine or too coarse.

Disqualifying Faults:

•    Aggresive or overly shy.
•    Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
•    Absence of   more   than   4 teeth   altogether;   absence of   2 or more  incisors.
•    Canine placed in vestibulo position.
•    Entropion or ectropion.
•    Chest circumference more than 50 cm.
•    Curled tail or carried over the back.
•    Long brindled coat on dogs older than 2 years.
•    Coarse or curled cotton-wool type hair.
•    White markings covering more than 20%; white blaze on the head.
•    Irregular, jerky, spasmodic movements ("Scottie cramp")
•    Weight above 10 kg or less than 6 kg.
•    Shyness, unbalanced or aggressive disposition.


•    Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
•    Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.