|Group:||Working Dogs (Group 5)|
|Club:||Working Dog Club Of Victoria Inc (Group 5)|
The word Puli means driver, a task in which this hardy, fun loving, agile dog is unmatched. The Puli’s herding ability is enhanced by three distinctive characteristics: lively temperament, controlled movement and non-shedding, profuse resistant double coat. Their intelligence, trainability and overwhelming desire to please, allow these hardy little workers to learn new tasks rapidly. This makes them par excellence for any dog sports, including obedience and agility training, as well as herding livestock. They are sensibly energetic and today’s Puli love walks and stimulating games, as well as sitting on the couch with their modern day shepherd. They are a smarty and make great companion and activities dog. The Puli is an affectionate, intelligent and home loving companion. He is sensibly suspicious and therefore an excellent watchdog. Some Puli have a dominant nature and like to be top dog. They must learn early to be accepting of other dogs and pets. The Puli seldom barks without cause and will always appear to be going somewhere in a hurry. These dogs are happiest when romping and playing, especially if their owner or a companion dog joins in the fun. Puli will adapt to a variety of living conditions whether in an apartment, suburbia or on a farm. Without a sizable yard, they can achieve a good workout with a jog, a game or obedience classes. They are suited to all climates and are content to be outside in temperate or cool climates. The Puli’s unusually thick corded coat helps it withstand extremes of weather. They should not be left outside or overworked in hot weather. Some of them are fond of water and can swim very well. But not all have this tendency and should be always supervised around water. The importance of sound temperament cannot be over emphasized. Well developed inner qualities, such as courage, intelligence, independence and determination, animate this little dynamo. The corded coat The most striking and distinctive feature of this shaggy dog is its corded coat. The non shedding (non-allergenic) coat can reach to the ground in 4-6 years. Puli are found in a range of colours: black, rusty black, white, all shades of grey and apricot with or without a black mask. In Australia the most common colour is black. The correct Puli coat consists of a coarse outer coat and a fine, dense, woolly undercoat. The correct balance of outer and undercoat develops into the properly corded coat. Coat types vary considerably. There is the thinner, silky type which takes longer to form into firm cords: the fine but hard, rounder cord: the flatter and felty ribbon cord, - whatever Mother Nature decides, but all types are correct. Trying to alter the type and formation of the coat is pointless, although careful grooming during the cording process can make for a neater appearance. Puppies from the same litter can have different coat types too. Puli puppies are born with a short wavy coat which is soft. As the puppy develops, the coat becomes progressively thicker. At eight weeks pups look like a ball of fluff. From six months to two years, the soft cords become more pronounced, dense and harsher, and the mats of undercoat may require some splitting. The most intensive mat splitting period on most Puli is between 9-18 months. Some Puli’s coat just drop into cords. After this, the coat settles down and requires a regular maintenance routine including bathing and drying, the main grooming aides are your fingers. A fully corded adult coat reaches the ground at about five years, which may take quite sometime to dry naturally. The use of a blow dryer helps to dry the coat faster. A Puli not destined for a show career, can have the cords kept shorter at any length for easier maintenance.
Health, Size and Average Lifespan The Puli is a very hard, robust and long lived breed, with some Puli living to 15 years of age and more. Although the Puli have neither major health problems nor genetic diseases, reputable breeders will screen their breeding stock for hip dysplasia and eye abnormalities. The Puli is a medium sized, light boned, herding breed. Size / weight range: height at the withers 40-44cm – males – 13 to 15kgs. 37-41cm – females – 10 to 13kgs.
History / origin Not only is the Puli a fascinating breed visually, it has an interesting history. Known in Hungary since the Magyar invasion of the 10th century, the Puli has been part of the lives of the Hungarian shepherds for more than a thousand years. They were bred to be their sole companion and workmate during the long days and months of isolation on the grazing lands of the vast Hungarian Plain. It was not until early last century that dog fanciers and zoologists began to study and document the breed. The first Hungarian standard for the breed was written in 1915 by Emil Raitsits. The Puli first appeared in the show ring in Budapest in 1923. World War II almost brought about the complete decimation of the breed when dogs in Hungary were slaughtered by the invading army. It was only a controlled breeding program, assisted by dedicated breeders around the world that ensured the survival of these unique little Hungarians. Today the Puli is well established and popular in many countries, as well as Hungary, where he is now regarded as a national symbol and, very much a national treasure.