|Group:||Hounds (Group 4)|
|Club:||Dachshund Club Of Victoria Inc|
Background The origin of the Dachshund has been lost in antiquity and there is much conjecture as to its origin. It is generally accepted that the breed came to prominence in Germany where it was used by foresters and noblemen to hunt badger, fox and rabbits in dense forests where a large animal would have difficulty in pursuing its quarry. The Dachshund is a unique breed in that there are three different coats: Long, Wire and Smooth, and two sizes: Standard and Miniature - making six varieties catering for all tastes. These varieties were each developed for a specific purpose, mainly depending upon the type of terrain encountered in their district of origin. Today’s Dachshund in Australia and England is not normally used for hunting and is only bred as a faithful companion or show dog. As a result the breed differs slightly in type to that in Germany.
Average Lifespan When considering a dog, please realise that you are taking it on for its lifetime. Dachshunds live from between 10 to 20 years of age.
Breed Personality/Characteristics/Temperament The Dachshund is first and foremost a sporting dog, but is remarkably versatile - being equally adaptable as a house pet. The breed’s temperament and acute intelligence makes them the ideal companion for town or country. They have retained a keen hunting instinct that is quickly brought to the surface at the sight of a rabbit or fox. Each variety is different in temperament. The Smooth tends to be more aloof than the other varieties and generally is very discerning in whom it likes or dislikes. A Dachshund is a dog that wants to be with you. The smooth variety is full of character, quick in attack and defence, intelligent but can be defiant, and faithful to their family. It was bred to hunt quarry both above and below the ground. The smooth haired Dachshund used to be the most popular in Australia, as there are many people who did not know that there are other varieties. It is usually the smooth breed type we see depicted in cartoons, the unusual makeup of long body and short legs make them a favourite with cartoonists.
Compatibility with other pets Excellent.
Care Requirements Dachshund are strong, hardy and easy to care for. All three coat varieties require marginal attention, with the smooth variety in particular requiring very little grooming. This variety appeals to many people because they are so easy to keep clean and groom. There is virtually nothing to do to keep their coat in good condition. If this breed type is healthy and properly fed then the coat will radiate the inner good health. It will have a good sheen. A weekly brush is still required if you wish to have a squeaky clean dog around you. They shed very little coat, have very little doggy odour and bathing is only required occasionally. Dachshunds get bored hanging around the yard and are enthusiastic eaters, so either ensure regular exercise or cut down on food. Dachshund are quite happy to spend their life on your favourite chair, but for the dog’s well being, regular exercise is recommended.
Health. All Dachshund varieties have known hereditary health problems and responsible breeders will be engaged in eliminating known issues in the gene pool, however, here’s a few to watch out for; Progressive Retinal Degeneration (PRA), Laforas Disease and Intervertibral Disc Disease (IVDD).
Please Take Note Because of their long body in relation to their height, and the fact that most Dachshund love food, it is important not to overfeed. A dog that is too fat is the most likely candidate for a prolapsed disc, which is the most common problem in Dachshund and tends to occur between 5 and 7 years of age.
Ideal Owner/s Families. Dachshund are excellent with children. As with all dogs, young children and pets should always be supervised when together.
In Conclusion Now you know a little about the Dachshund and have decided this is the dog for you or you want more information, make contact with the breed club or your State controlling body for purebred dogs. They will be able to give you information about available puppies and also suggest dog shows where you can see the breed and speak to breeders. In this way you will gain a better perspective of the breed and its needs.