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Chihuahua (Long Coat)

Group: Toys (Group 1)
Club: Chihuahua Club Of Victoria Inc
Contact: Mrs Lyn Gunnell
Phone: 0439 975 056

Brief History
Most agree that breed history leads back to the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. One of the most plausible theories is that the Chihuahua is a descendant of the Techichi, a small-framed companion dog domesticated by the Toltecs. The Aztecs vanquished the Toltec, who in turn refined the Techichi into a smaller more refined dog. The 1500’s witnessed the Spanish conquistadors topple the Aztecs and this tiny icon synonymous with Aztec culture was nearly lost forever. This diminutive survivor lived on in remote and isolated villages and made a resurgence when Americans began to take an interest in the breed in the 1800’s.

Average Life Span
When considering a dog, please realise that you are taking it on for its lifetime.

The average life span is 15 to 20 years.

The Chihuahua does not believe he is a tiny dog and his bravado, bravery and pluck are more akin to a canine many times his size. Chihuahuas possess loyalty, charm, sass and spirit. Even tiny dogs require training, and without it, this clever rogue will rule your household like a little tyrant.

General Breed Description
The Chihuahua is credited with being the smallest breed in all of dogdom. He is a dainty, alert, brisk-moving, compact little dog. He has a saucy expression accentuated by a rounded ‘apple’ head, large flared ears and acutely expressive eyes. His tail which resembles an old-fashioned sickle is carried with confidence and poise. Coats come in two patterns (long or smooth) and in many colours. The varieties are identical except for coat.

Coat and Care Requirements
The two coat varieties of the Chihuahua have slightly different grooming needs. The longhaired variety should have his coat brushed at least once a week to avoid any tangles or mats and bathed on a regular basis. Both varieties should have their nails trimmed regularly. Good dental care is necessary and should include brushing your dog’s teeth and the vet might also recommend treats designed as part of a tooth-care program. Check the Chihuahua’s ears regularly and remove any excess wax or debris to avoid ear infections.

Weight: 2.7 kgs or less.

All breeds have individual health issues. When speaking to breeders it is recommended you enquire about the breed’s health and what health testing the breeder does. The Chihuahua is generally a healthy breedhowever health conditions do occur occasionally. These may include potential heart problems (patent ductus arteriosus, mitral valve disease), eye disease, and patella luxation (loose kneecaps). Idiopathic epilepsy is also known to occur in the breed.

Of course, his size makes the Chihuahua ideal for city and apartment living.  However, he will make himself at home be it cabin or castle. The Chihuahua is a toy or companion breed and as such, loves to be with his family, involving himself in the day to day routine be it cuddles on the couch, sun baking in the yard or cavorting around exploring the great outdoors. With their vivacious approach, they coexist easily with larger dogs and other pets. He is wonderful with families, but always keep in mind, children must be taught to appreciate just how small the Chihuahua is in stature. Chihuahuas love the limelight and readily take to obedience, agility, trick training, ‘dances with dogs’, and conformation shows.

In Conclusion
Now you know a little more about this breed. If you have decided this is the dog for you and wish to investigate further, please contact the Breed Club or Dogs Victoria. They will be able to give you information about available puppies and also suggest dog events where you can see the breed and speak to breeders. In this way you will gain a better perspective of the breed and its needs.  With any breed of dog, it is important to research and determine suitability for your lifestyle before committing to a puppy which will be a part of your family for many years to come.

Whilst many breeds are recommended for families, it is imperative that when children are with dogs they are supervised at all times. Basic obedience training is a vital part of dog ownership.

Dogs Victoria is about the responsible ownership of all dogs and in particular, the preservation of pure breeds.

Link to ANKC Breed Standard:

Registered Breeders